2018年1月6日下午场托福口语&写作独立题解析


来源:   时间:2018-01-09 10:43:02

昨天给大家推送了1月6日上午场的托福口语及写作独立题的解析,错过的同学可直接戳【1.6上午托福口语&写作独立题解析】,本文给大家整理了1月6日下午场的托福口语&写作独立题解析,希望托福备考党们有所借鉴~

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口语独立题
 
Task 1 
Which of the following is the most effective way to encourage company’s employees to contribute to the communities?
A.allow some time off to tutor or clean parks
B: reward with money
C: post volunteer activities on company website
 
思路分析:
三个选项都可以加上给员工动力,提高积极性的理由;
 
比如金钱或其它物质奖励能激励员工,让员工心甘情愿为社区做贡献;
 
允许员工休息也能让员工有更多机会参与社区活动,并且这也可以当作工作的调剂,所以对员工来说也有吸引力
 
范文参考
Personally the money reward could be the most effective option. Money is a strong incentive for many workers. They could spend a lot of hours in their work place in order to earn a high income while having little time or motivation to contribute to their community. Even when they have some time available, they would prefer a good rest or relaxing activities with their family or friends. If given money for compensation, they would make efforts without much hesitation. Also they could get pleasure from community volunteering. Because they know they are engaged in something rewarding mentally and materially, they won’t feel they are pushed or obligated.
 
相关词汇:
incentive/compensation/without much hesitation/mentally and materially/obligated
 
Task 2
Do you think it is important for people to learn about local history?
 
思路分析
从当地人民和对全国或者全世界的好处两方面出发;
 
当地人民可以从中汲取重要经验;
 
保留和传播当地历史对于全国和全世界也有借鉴意义。
 
范文参考
This is out of question. Of course history is an important part of a country. It witnesses the development and change of a nation. An obvious reason for people to learn the local history is that it reminds us what we did and can do to make a region succeed. Through the study of Shanghai’s history, we can find the secrets of the brilliance lie in its technological innovation and economical exchange. It inspires our nowadays progress. What’s more, we can spread the wisdom and stories to other parts of the country or the world. It is more than exhilarating to see what they will bring. So local history should be treasured.
 
相关词汇:
out of question/region/secrets of the brilliance lie in/innovation/spread the wisdom/exhilarating
 
独立写作
 
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important to read or watch the news presented by people whose views are similar to your own than by people whose views are different from yours.
 
解析:
本题从形式上看属于比较类,从话题上看属于媒体类。意思是:“你是否同意:阅读或观看那些与你的观点相似的人呈现的新闻比阅读和观看与你的观点不同的人呈现的新闻更重要?”
 
从逻辑上来说,本题采取否定的观点会更好写一些。因为如果只是看和自己观点相同的新闻,只会不断强化自己固有观念;而如果看和自己观点不同的新闻,既可以纠正自己的错误,让自己的思想更加全面,又可以反思自己的观点,从而变得更具批判性思维。
 
要对本题进行充分展开,需要涉及到某些新闻事件的具体细节(比如英国脱欧、特朗普的一些政策等),对考生的日常积累有一定要求。考生可在备考过程中多关注一些时事,读一些英语报刊杂志,比如BBC、《时代周刊》和《经济学人》等,积累词汇表达和例证素材。
 
2017年8月27号的考试同样出了一道媒体比较类的题,可进行比较:
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Sometimes people think nowadays the media (TV, newspaper, Internet) are less concerned about the accuracy of news than in the past, and the incorrect information may cause more problem to the public.
 
解题思路:
不同意 Disagree
分论点:
1)阅读和观看反方观点的新闻有助于纠正自己原有的错误;
Reading and watching news presented by people with different perspectives is beneficial to acknowledge and correct our mistakes.
 
2)接触不同意见的新闻可以拓展我们的视野;
We can broaden our horizons by being exposed to news with a distinctive opinion.
 
3)我们可以改善批判性思维能力通过了解不同观点的新闻;
Improving critical thinking skills is another remarkable benefit of knowing news which is completely different with our views.
 
语料库:
听、看、读新闻 hear, listen to, see, watch, read news
观点、立场 view, opinion , point of view, viewpoint, belief, perspective, position
意识到、承认错误 acknowledge, admit, admit to, recognize mistakes
纠正错误 correct, erase, fix, put right, rectify, undo mistakes
拓展视野 broaden, expand, open up, widen one’s horizons
全面的观点 broad, comprehensive, holistic views
清晰的、理性的思维 clear, logical, rational thinking
分析性、批判性思维 analytical, critical thinking
 
王老师
上海沃邦托福学科负责人。华东师范大学研究生毕业,在校期间就曾获得托福接近满分的成绩。毕业后曾任英文报记者,后为教育理想转入培训行业,迄今为止已有8年托福、sat教学经验。曾任天道教育上海分公司教研主管,沃邦教育五角场校区校长,目前担任沃邦教育上海地区托福教研负责人。
 
陈老师
沃邦托福口语、阅读教师。从事托福教学工作三年多,主要从事托福口语听力阅读教学,一对一和班课教学经验参半,对于托福考试形式以及评分熟悉。托福阅读满分,口语27,听力28,总分109;英语专业八级证书;普通话等级二级甲等。


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