沃邦年终总结|2019年度TOEFL口语年终盘点


来源:   时间:2019-12-30 17:59:23

截止文章发表为止,已进行了53场托福口语考试,其中9月7日,9月21日,10月12日,12月1日分成上下午两场考试。以下数据均统计于这53场托福口语考试之中。
 
由于托福口语在今年8月份进行了比较大的改革,取消了原来的TASK 1和TASK 5两个题型。所以本文只讨论剩余的4个题型。
 
 我们首先先来看一看TASK 1(以前的TASK 2独立题) 
 
TASK 2题型问法还是最经典的Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?以及Some people prefer A…Others prefer B…Which do you prefer?这两种。
 
在53场考试里面,Agree/Disagree赞同反驳类问法出现26次,Preference偏好类问法出现27次。见下图:
 \

 
话题分类方面,我主要分成了以下5类:
教育/学习 (17题)Education
家庭/朋友 (13题)Family and Friends
社会/工作 (12题)Social and Work
课后活动  (8题)Afterschool Activities
科技        (3题)Technology
 
见下图:
\

下面我们来看一些2019年真题例子

 
01 教育/学习类话题:
20191102
Should the university spend the same time on teaching our own country’s history and the world history?
 
20190901
Imagine that two different universities have accepted you. One university is well known for its excellent academic program, but it's expensive, while another is less well known, but has offered you with scholarship to pay for your intuition fee. Which university would you prefer, explain why.
 
20190707
Should students choose their own courses, or should professor assign courses to them?
 
20190601
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? University should require all the freshmen and sophomores to live on campus.
 
20190519
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A school should no more require students to do experiments but show students the videos of experiments.
 
教育/学习类话题占比一直最高,去年我写的2018年终盘点中,教育类也是占比最高的,今年一共考了17题。我们可以看见,学生在校内学习方式,选择大学类型,奖学金类型,是否住校,是否应该把课堂视频发放到网络上等话题频繁出现,明年考试同学尤其注意。
 
02 家庭/朋友类话题:
20190922(同20181216
Some people prefer to stay in touch with their friends and family members while traveling. Others prefer not to get in touch and stay alone. Which do you prefer and why?
 
20190921(下午场)
Which do you prefer when you have conflicts with your friends? Solve the problem face-to-face or by texting or emailing?
 
20190629
Some people sell or give away the gifts they once received from others. Do you think this is a good idea? Why?
 
20190303
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? We should always be honest with our friends.
 
20190224
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Pets are good for kids.
 
20190223
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents should not be allowed to see children's grades without their permission.
 
家庭教育,家人以及朋友关系,占比第二高,今年一共考了13题。经常涉及和朋友产生矛盾后的解决方式,家长是否介入子女教育,诚信,宠物等话题。
 
03 工作/社会类话题:
 20191201(下午场)
There are two kinds of jobs. One offers you high salary but without holidays while the other one offers you relatively lower salary but with regular holidays. Which one do you prefer?
 
20191117
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People of ordinary background can be the best government leader.
 
20191013(同201705
Nowadays, some people have plastic surgeries to change their appearances. Do you think it’s a good idea?
 
20190824
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is disrespectful for tourists to take photos of strangers without their permission.
 
20190728
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Celebrities are more competent to do charity because they are rich and powerful.
 
20190615
Do you agree with the following statement that all the animals have the right to be treated and respected as human?
 
社会,工作类话题占比第三,今年一共考了12题。
其中公司待遇考的比较频繁,比如高收入少假期,低收入多假期的选择,公司环境严格等。
社会性话题相对较少,有几个比较新颖比如对于整容的看法,动物是否应该拥有和人类平等的权利,给陌生人拍照是否应该经过允许,这些属于在社会上争议较大,难度较大,临场考试比较难做到面面俱到的,需要同学提前准备,并且拥有一定的思考和辩证能力。
 
04 课后活动话题:
20191214
Do you prefer go to the museum alone or go with a large group of friends?
 
20191208
Do you prefer watching the entertaining movies or the serious and educational movies?
 
20191026
Do you think that doing extreme sports like rock climbing or parachute jumping is brave or foolish?
 
20191012(上午场)
If you have a week to travel, do you like to travel to different places or just stay in one city?
 
20190414
Some people like to make plans in advance when they decide to travel, while others prefer to make decisions during the trip. Which do you prefer?
 
课后活动类话题占比第四,今年一共考了8题。其中旅游类较多,其他还涉及对于电影的喜好,剧院,博物馆,极限运动攀岩跳伞等。
 
05 科技类话题:
20191201(上午场)
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents should control the kids’ access to social media with the increasing popularity of the technology.
 
20190511
Do you agree or disagree with the statement that children could not learn any valuable things from video games?
 
20190413
The older generation enjoys playing board games and card games, while younger generation prefers playing games on cellphones and computers. Which kind of games do you prefer?
 
科技类占比变小,今年只考了3题,我都列在上面了,涉及社交网络,电子游戏,电脑游戏等,话题比较常规。
 
接下来,我们来看一看综合题的部分,首先是TASK 2(也就是以前的TASK 3校园类场景话题)
作为综合口语第一道题目,是校园类场景话题。
主要话题依然是学校设施器材、课程设置、学生活动这几类。将近八成的考试都考察了校园服务与设施,相信这也是同学们在准备2020年考试时的备考方向及备考重点。
第三题阅读分为Announcement(学校通知)和Proposal(学生提议)两种类型,在口语答题时候的主语和人称不要混淆。
此外,今年听力中,会出现一个理由赞成,一个理由反驳的情况,比较特殊,大家需要特别注意!
 
接下来是TASK 3(以前的TASK 4学术名词解释题)
 
在话题上,经典的三大话题:社会心理学、生物学、和商科依然占据统治性地位。不难发现,不论是TPO还是真实考题,Task 3中最常见的例子就是教授的个人亲身经历,事件以及实验类话题。除此之外,2019年考题的趋势与TPO的高度吻合。这也再次说明现在的TPO无疑是最适合提升综合技能题目的备考材料。无论从话题的难度,广度,及频率都和真实的考试十分相似。
口语考试中的最后一题TASK 4(以前的TASK 6学术讲座题)
 
Task 4做为口语中的最后一道题,很长时间以来都被考生称为“最难的关卡”,大家觉得难是因为这个题目依然是学术内容,其次,是因为这个题目一开始就让考生听教授讲课的录音,不像第三题先给一篇阅读文章交代背景。
今年的生物又毫无疑问占了最大的比重,超过一半的题目都是生物类话题。剩余学科包括商务,社会学,环境科学,艺术,文学,天文,地质等等。当然了,学有余力的同学可以多接触BBC纪录片,欧美的各种脱口秀节目,听原版小说的有声读物,做配音练习和模仿都是可以提高口语语感,语音语调和分数的不错的方法。
 

附录:

以下为2019年53
托福口语考试中的独立题真题
对于明年要考试的同学极具参考价值,值得收藏!
 
Independent Task
 
20191214
Do you prefer go to the museum alone or go with a large group of friends?
 
20191208
Do you prefer watching the entertaining movies or the serious and educational movies?
 
20191207
Should graduate students teach some basic courses or just be the teaching assistants for professors?
 
20191201(上午场)
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents should control the kids’ access to social media with the increasing popularity of the technology.
 
20191201(下午场)
There are two kinds of jobs. One offers you high salary but without holidays while the other one offers you relatively lower salary but with regular holidays. Which one do you prefer?
 
20191117
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People of ordinary background can be the best government leader.
 
20191116
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is necessary to spend time learning about the world by reading and watching the news.
 
20191110
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Luck is as important as hardworking in succeeding.
 
20191109(上午场)
People like negative news more than positive news. Do you agree?
 
20191109(下午场)
Do you like experienced teachers or new teachers who just finished training?
 
20191103
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? University will record the lectures and release them on the website for everyone to see.
 
20191102
Should the university spend the same time on teaching our own country’s history and the world history?
 
20191026
Do you think that doing extreme sports like rock climbing or parachute jumping is brave or foolish?
 
20191019(同20170114
Do you think that the boss should supervise his or her employees when they are working, or give employees more freedom at work?
 
20191013(同201705
Nowadays, some people have plastic surgeries to change their appearances. Do you think it’s a good idea?
 
20191012(上午场)
If you have a week to travel, do you like to travel to different places or just stay in one city?
 
20191012(下午场)
Do you think it’s acceptable to work in a company with strict rules but with high salary?
 
20190928
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should engage in the activities that they are good at or talented in rather than the activities that they are not familiar with.
 
20190922(同20181216
Some people prefer to stay in touch with their friends and family members while traveling. Others prefer not to get in touch and stay alone. Which do you prefer and why?
 
20190921(上午场)
Do you agree that university is planning to close the computer lab?
 
20190921(下午场)
Which do you prefer when you have conflicts with your friends? Solve the problem face-to-face or by texting or emailing?
 
20190907(上午场)
Some people think that historical sites should be open to public while others believe that historical sites should be open only to experts and researchers. Which one do you agree?
 
20190907(下午场)
Some parents try to prevent their kids from making mistakes while others allow their kids to make mistakes. Which one do you think is better?
 
20190901
Imagine that two different universities have accepted you. One university is well known for its excellent academic program, but it's expensive, while another is less well known, but has offered you with scholarship to pay for your intuition fee. Which university would you prefer, explain why.
 
20190825
Some people like to shop in large department stores or supermarkets to buy all things they need. Other people prefer to shop in small specialty stores or shops to buy one specific item at a time. Which do you prefer? Explain why.
20190824
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is disrespectful for tourists to take photos of strangers without their permission.
20190810
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement that children should be taught to be independent when they are very young.
20190728
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Celebrities are more competent to do charity because they are rich and powerful.
20190713
Some people prefer to do easy tasks first while others prefer to do hard ones. Which one do you prefer?
20190707
Should students choose their own courses, or should professor assign courses to them?
20190706
Some students believe that they should choose what courses to study while other students believe that professor should make the decisions for them. Which opinion do you support and why?
20190629
Some people sell or give away the gifts they once received from others. Do you think this is a good idea? Why?
20190626
You have a misunderstanding with your friend. Do you prefer talking it out in a public place or in a private place?
20190615
Do you agree with the following statement that all the animals have the right to be treated and respected as human?
20190601
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? University should require all the freshmen and sophomores to live on campus.
20190526(同20181013
Some people believe that humorous attitude is much better in solving a conflict while others believe that serious attitude is better, which one do you prefer?
20190519
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A school should no more require students to do experiments but show students the videos of experiments.
 
20190518
Which teacher’s course would you like to take? A teacher who is humorous in class or a teacher who is strict and serious in class?
20190511
Do you agree or disagree with the statement that children could not learn any valuable things from video games?
20190504
The university has $5000 scholarship. What kind of students do you think should get the scholarship: students with high academic performance or students who need financial support?
20190414
Some people like to make plans in advance when they decide to travel, while others prefer to make decisions during the trip. Which do you prefer?
20190413
The older generation enjoys playing board games and card games, while younger generation prefers playing games on cellphones and computers. Which kind of games do you prefer?
20190331
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? You need to know the culture and custom when you are traveling in another country.
20190330
Some people think they should learn mathematics in school, while others think they should learn mathematics at work. Which do you prefer?
20190316
Is it better to praise a good behavior or criticize a bad one?
20190309
Some people like to keep the old things. Do you agree or disagree?
20190303
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? We should always be honest with our friends.
20190224
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Pets are good for kids.
20190223
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents should not be allowed to see children's grades without their permission.
20190126
Which school would you like to choose? A school with broad education or a school only focuses on teaching the courses that related to the major.
20190113
Some secondary schools require that every student’s schedule include study hall, which is a free class period during the school day in which students can do class assignments or rest. Do you think this is a good idea?
20190112
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should not interrupt others when they are giving opinions.
20190105
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Different opinions will hurt friendship.
 
词汇为本 方法为王
听了再多方法 学了再多技巧
如果单词量不过硬
想要考高分也并非易事
 
为了帮大家解决单词背诵上的难题
今天特意为大家准备了三本书
分别针对托福基础、核心、真题的词汇
只要你看到这里
就可以来领取其中一本哦
(ps:免费的哟~
\


本文系上海沃邦胡老师原创,如需转载请至公众号后台与我们取得联系,并获取转载授权。
\


延伸阅读

理清托福听力中的让步转折逻辑,你的托福试卷还能再涨分!

托福阅读 | 还在用定位法做题?你被坑了!

如何在托福听力学习中快速打怪升级?这些要点不得不知!

热点关注

校区地址
近期出分情况