沃邦年终总结|2019年度TOEFL写作年终盘点


来源:   时间:2019-12-30 18:07:02

--独立写作的热门话题

 
托福写作考试从今年1月到12月8号总共考了52道独立写作题目(包含几次上午场和下午场题目)。根据统计,今年的独立写作热门话题:教育话题和社会话题,其中教育占了40%,社会占了23%。
 
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同学们一般在备考时对教育话题准备的很多,因为都是与学生的每天学习相关的内容,同时在教育话题中除了schooling之外,还有parenting父母家庭教育考的也很多,大家也需要关注。另外,今年除了教育话题比较热门外,社会话题占比也很多。关于这些热门话题,大家都可以思考一下,你们会有什么样的观点呢?有了观点后你们会有什么样的分论点以及论证方法和举例等来支撑你们的观点呢?
 
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--今年托福写作需要注意的第二大点是三选一题型和对比类题型等“超难”题型出现的很多

比如,今年10月的一道考题:
Many young people face the problems of finding a job after graduation. Which of the following method would you recommend?
- asking for others’ advice
- sending emails to the companies
- searching information online or other publications
 
其实三选一看起来题目复杂,而实际上很简单。大家可以使用让步段来写没选的另外两个选项,比如中间段可以使用:A1, A2, BC- A+, B-, C-这样的结构安排。今年还首次出现了一次四选一的考题:2019/9/21 (下午场)
 
Many people suffer from home sick when they first arrive at a new place. Which of the following method is the most effective to relieve?
- Do activities or eat food that reminds you of home

- Maintain contact with people from home
- Make new friends
- Try activities and foods that are special to the place you are in.
 
再来看看对比类的题型,大家要注意对比的不同点:时间上的对比和A和B之间的对比,比如今年9月的一道考题:
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is easier for people to maintain good health than before.
现代人比过去的人更加好地维持健康吗?这道题的展开中就需要大家写出一些现代与过去之间的对比了,大家在选择论证方法时就可以使用一下对比论证了,比如decades ago 怎么样,in contemporary society怎么样的情况都要展开出来。
 
--第三大点:独立作文题目长短与难度有关系吗?

我个人觉得作文题目不是越长越难,因为题目越长提示信息越多,可能分论点更容易想;当然,如果是对于阅读速度较慢的同学就另当别论了,因为可能题目越长,读题的理解时间会很久。今年的独立写作中很多同学发现有一些题目很短的考题,但是挺难想分论点的。
比如今年3月的一道考题:
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The most important problems of the society can be solved during our life time. 社会的重大问题在我们的有生之年可以被解决。很多同学看到这个题目之后的感觉是很懵,不知道题目在问什么。其实,这样的考题被统称为“抽象题型”,我们在展开的时候,一般会用拆分具象法,题目中的社会重大问题这样的抽象名词就可以被拆分具体的哪些问题,比如:环境问题,贫困问题和战争问题等等,再逐一进行说理和举例加以展开论证。
 
--2020年托福综合写作和独立写作的备考要点

很多同学觉得综合写作只需要背个模版,其实这种想法已经完全过时了。
首先,在今年8月托福的最新改革后,从考试形式来看,写作没有变化。但实际上,ETS对模版的打击力度更大了,我们都知道几年前写作就开始机器和人工共同评分了,那么e-rater机器评分除了识别评判出grammar, usage, mechanics, style, organization等方面,还会继续通过corpus语料库来识别出该考生的作文里是否有背模版的情况。所以,不管是独立还是综合,大家都要摒弃背诵别人的模版,自己去创新个性化的语言表达。
第二,综合写作的瓶颈分21-22分,也就是很多同学可以大致听到综合写作的听力三大点大方向,但是在个别一大点上会丢失重点信息,比如:听力讲座在驳斥阅读信息点时举出的evidence和具体的explanation.  所以说,综合写作里的精听细节重点信息是非常关键的。
最后,关于独立写作的备考要点:简单来说,就是logic and language.  如果一篇作文逻辑不通顺,即使语言再华丽,读者或考官也无法理解这篇文章的point是什么,比如独立写作的结构逻辑不仅仅是形式上的总分总,更重要的是unity, progression and coherence, 特别是每句话之间的逻辑连贯性。另外,如果一篇作文的逻辑清晰,但是语言上的语法错误连连或者表达很贫乏,当然也会直接影响到分数,因为,托福毕竟是门语言类的考试,如何在独立写作里用恰当准确的语言去表达出一篇观点明确逻辑清晰的作文是很关键的。
 

2019年独立写作真题机经

 
1.2019/1/5
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Scientific discoveries should be shared around the world.Government should not keep it private.
 
2.2019/1/12
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
It is better to travel to different countries when you are young than when you are older.
 
3.2019/1/13
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Students are more interested in politics than they were in the past.
 
4.2019/1/26
In order to improve your presentation skill, which of the following method do you think is more effective?
-To watch video recording of the speech
-To practice with classmates or colleagues
 
5.2019/2/23
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
It is difficult for teachers to be both popular (students like them) and effective in helping students in learning?
 
6.2019/2/24
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Some students have poor study habits when they enter university or college. All students should take required courses to develop good learning habits.
 
7.2019/3/3
Now many people believe that primary school students should spend more time on learning technical subjects such as computer, instead of arts or music. Do you think it is a good or bad decision?
 
8.2019/3/9
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The most important problems of the society can be solved during our life time.
 
9.2019/3/16
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Taking a lot of time to make an important decision is a bad character for a person.
 
10.2019/3/30
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Parents should limit the hours that children spend on digital products besides schoolwork.
 
11.2019/3/31
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The university will spend money on dormitory to improve the life quality of students, which of the following do you think is the best way?
-providing a room for quiet study;
-building an exercise room;
-providing entertainment place (watch film).
 
12.2019/4/13
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Children rely too much on the technology, like computers, smart phones, video games for fun and entertainment. Playing simpler toys or playing outside with friends would be better for children’s development.
 
13.2019/4/14
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Students do not respect their teachers as much as they did in the past.
 
14.2019/5/4
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The most important goal for education is to teach people how to educate themselves.
 
15.2019/5/11
Some people think that older children should be required to take care of the younger children.
Others think that this should be done by parents or other adults.
Which one do you prefer?
 
16.2019/5/18
Doing which activity do you think can better help you strengthen the friendship between you and your friend?
-having a good time together with your friend
-solving your friend’s problem with him or her
 
17.2019/5/19
Many schools require young children (aged 5-11) to study together in small groups instead of studying alone. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Requiring children to study in groups in the best way to teach them and why?
 
18.2019/5/26
Some people prefer to take small classes in which professor can remember every student's name. Other people think it is better to take big classes. Which do you prefer and why?
 
19.2019/6/1
Some people prefer to travel to tourist spots with many visitors. While others prefer less crowded ones. Which do you prefer and why?
 
20.2019/6/15
One company plans to prohibit employees from working through emails and text messages during weekends and holidays. Some people believe that by doing this, the company can reduce employees’ dissatisfaction with the company; while others believe this does not work. What is your opinion and why?
 
21.2019/6/16
If you go traveling to a city for the first time, but you only have a limited amount of time, which place will you choose? Choose one from the following three options.
- touring the historic sites
- going shopping on some markets
- going to the restaurants or café
 
22.2019/6/29
In high school classes, which of the following way is the most effective to stimulate students’ interest.
- using technology in the classroom more often
- more group work
- introduce how knowledge is related to daily life
 
23.2019/7/6
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
For a business to be successful, man must spend a lot of money on advertising.
 
24.2019/7/7
Which of the following values is the most important to share with a young child (5-10 years old)?
-Being helpful
-Being honest
-Being well organized
 
25.2019/7/13
The company would like to invest in improving employees’ work. Which way do you think is better?
to help employees become more adept to new technology
to redesign the working environment to be more comfortable and spacious
 
26.2019/7/28
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Teachers should give primary children (aged 5~10) assignments less than 30 minutes, because they have enough instructions in regular school classes.
 
27.2019/8/3
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
In modern society, parents should learn more from children than children learn from parents.
 
28.2019/8/10
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
All university students should be required to take a public speaking course.
 
29.2019/8/24
Some college teachers prefer to ask students to watch or listen to a recorded lecture before class.In class, they will ask students to do more practices about what they have learned from the lecture.
Do you think this is an effective way and why?
 
30.2019/8/24
Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer?
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
 
31.2019/8/25
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Even if science and technology would continue to advance and improve the quality of people' lives, the most significant improvements have already taken place.
 
32.2019/9/1
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
It is easier for people to maintain good health than before.
 
33.2019/9/7
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The most important characteristic of a successful politician or a leader is good communication skills.
 
34.2019/9/21(上午场)
A town is given an amount of money to build an outside place. It can be either a garden for everyone or a sports field for the nearby high school students since the high school doesn't have a sports field.
Which do you think is better? Use examples and details in your answer.
 
35.2019/9/21(下午场)
Many people suffer from home sick when they first arrive at a new place. Which of the following method is the most effective to relieve?
- Do activities or eat food that reminds you of home

- Maintain contact with people from home
- Make new friends
- Try activities and foods that are special to the place you are in
 
36.2019/9/22
Some companies provide important products or service, but also damage the environment. Some people believe that the government should impose more penalty, higher tax and larger fine on these companies, while others believe there are better ways.
Which do you prefer?
 
37.2019/10/12
上午:
Nowadays, there are many different kinds of news and stories on newspapers for people to read or listen to. It is helpful for people if they take a break from reading or listening to the news. Do you think it is beneficial for people to stop reading or listening to the news for a period of a few days or a week? Why or why not?
 
38 .2019/10/12
下午:
Which of the following is the most beneficial for young people during their spare time
- gaining practical work experience through part-time job or volunteering in the community
- learning to play a sport
- learning to play a musical instrument
 
39.2019/10/13
Which of the following do you think is the best way for a student to make new friends?
-joining a sports team
-participating volunteer activities in a community
-traveling
 
40.2019/10/19
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Parents should restrict young students’ time spent on technology.
 
41.2019/10/26
Many young people face the problems of finding a job after graduation. Which of the following method would you recommend?
- asking for others’ advice
- sending emails to the companies
-searching information online or other publications
 
42.2019/10/27
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The rapid growth of cities has a positive impact on the development of the society.

 
43.2019/11/2
Celebrities, such as actors, musicians and athletes, sometimes express their political views in public. Some people appreciate knowing the political views of celebrities. Others think it is not appropriate or useful to know the political views of celebrities. Which opinion do you agree with?
 
44.2019/11/3
 Which kind of professors will you choose when selecting the courses?
 - Some professors who are voted to be the most popular
 - Some professors who are rewarded of outstanding research
 
45 .2019/11/9
Many moviemakers make movies based on books. Some people prefer to read the book before they watch the movie, while other people prefer to watch the movie before they read the book. Which do you prefer?
 
46.2019/11/10
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement
These days, children spend more time on doing homework or participating in organized activities related to school or sports. However, they should be given more time to do whatever they want.
 
47.2019/ 11/16
High school teachers spend most of the class time lecturing while the students listen and take notes. Other high school teachers spend most of the class time on discussion and projects that students are highly involved in and exchange their ideas.Which of these two approaches do you think is more effective for students' learning and why?
 
48.2019/ 11/17
Some people believe that young students (5-10 years old) should be required to take a less-than-1 hour class and then play games while having a rest; others believe that young students should be required to take a longer class to train their focus. Which opinion do you agree with and why?
 
49.2019/12/1
上午场We are often asked to give feedbacks about the work of others (colleagues or classmates). Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? When giving feedbacks to others, it would be more effective to give positive comments first than to give negative comments first. Why?
 
50.2019/12/1
下午场Some people who donate money to a charity want to decide how to use the money (where and whom); others want the charity to decide how to use the money. Which way do you think would be better? and why?
 
51.2019/12/7
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Movies and television programs should present stories that good people should be rewarded and bad people should be punished?
 
52.2019/12/8
Which of the following way is the most effective for parents to get children (aged 3~6) prepared for their studies.
1. providing more books for children to read
2. reading books aloud for children
3. practicing speaking with adults
 
2019年托福综合写作真题机经
2019/1/5海洋吸尘器 ocean cleanup array
2019/1/12犀牛在南非被大肆捕猎,将它们安置在Botswana
2019/1/13考拉数量减少的原因
2019/1/26restore bay and its marine animals 的三个方法
2019/2/23土星的卫星Titan有三个unusual features
2019/2/24gluten对人体健康产生的影响
2019/3/3地中海地区的groove的用途有三个猜测
2019/3/9 影响sauropds进化比较大的三个环境因素
2019/3/16野生老虎数量减少的三个原因及对应的解决方法
2019/3/30埃及金字塔的shaft 有什么作用
2019/3/31某地大量鸟死亡,针对此提出firework theory
2019/4/13高中学校要求学生参与社区志愿活动才能毕业是不是一个好主意
2019/4/14鹿角(antlers)的三个功能
2019/5/4如何防治入侵的海星
2019/5/11 太阳能电池板建在太空更好还是建在地球更好
2019/5/18关于学习乐器演奏课
2019/5/19在美国西部建立一个往返旧金山和洛杉矶的铁路系统很有好处
2019/5/26网上买药 buying medications online
2019/6/1如何控制velvet trees
2019/6/15 给野生动物建造crossings
2019/6/16 为了减少某种携带病毒的蚊子的数量,一个生物科技公司研究出一种genetically modified mosquitos
2019/6/29 汽车使用化石燃料引起全球气候变暖,三种代替 fossil fuels的方法
2019/7/6智利的一个沙漠发现了很多海洋动物的化石,然后科学家提出了三个造成这么多动物死一起的原因
2019/7/7政府是否应该投资艺术家和艺术组织
2019/7/13为什么飞蛾会扑火
2019/7/281606年之前,欧洲人是否抵达过澳大利亚
2019/8/3Mars的meteorite研究证明Mars上可能存在生命
2019/8/10 生态系统Everglades面临着三个严重的环境威胁
2019/8/24 (上午场)Hermit ibis是一种濒危鸟类,科学家想要挽救Hermit ibis,但是有三个困难。(下午场)cypress knees的三个作用
2019/8/25关于建造 Irish tower的用途
2019/9/1为缓解交通拥堵要收费 (whether the government should charge taxes on congestion
2019/9/7 saber-toothed cats 剑齿虎是不是群居动物.
2019/9/21 (上午场) 去local store购买食物有三个主要的优点;(下午场) 转基因产品
2019/9/22导致Franklin探险队死亡的lead poisoning是否来自罐头装食品
2019/10/12(上午场)guillemot鸟下的蛋的三种特征(pattern、surface、shape)(下午场)草原犬鼠Prairie dogs要不要保护
2019/10/13Gamburstev mountain range形成的原理
2019/10/19古罗马城镇遗迹可能受损的原因和解决方法
2019/10/26bird feeders的三个缺点
2019/10/27是否应该继续建EAS系统(一种帮助偏远地区人们更方便到飞机场的系统)
2019/11/2 应该提倡开发新能源 wind and solar
2019/11/3有些科学家相信南极的温度在1500万年前比现在高,可能会有更多的动植物
2019/11/9Michelangelo (米开朗基罗) forged a statue called Laocoon.
2019/11/10New Zealand的black robins (黑色知更鸟) 数量锐减的原因以及保护方法
2019/11/16 探测火星,飞船在赤道着陆好还是极地着陆更好
2019/ 11/17 schliemann’s mask,Sch发现一个黄金面具,但有人说假的
2019/12/1 (上午场)冰山做淡水来源是否好; (下午场) 用bacteria去清除oil spills
2019/12/7reduce number of carps in Australia 澳洲鲤鱼治理
2019/12/8 城市举办大型竞技活动对城市好不好
 
词汇为本 方法为王
听了再多方法 学了再多技巧
如果单词量不过硬
想要考高分也并非易事
 
为了帮大家解决单词背诵上的难题
今天特意为大家准备了三本书
分别针对托福基础、核心、真题的词汇
只要你看到这里
就可以来领取其中一本哦
(ps:免费的哟~
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延伸阅读

沃邦年终总结|2019年度TOEFL阅读年终盘点

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