托福写作详解|又是电子产品惹的祸!该不该限制?


来源:   时间:2020-11-12 09:26:53

口语部分

 
独立题
 
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All first-year college students should be required to take an English composition course.
翻译:同意还是不同意:应要求所有大一新生修英语写作课。
 
分析:同意
1. 提高论文写作水平。几乎所有专业都以论文或研究报告的形式评估学业表现,尤其是人文类专业,如心理学、教育学或经济学。因此写作能力直接影响学生的GPA。
2. 提高批判性思维能力。(举例我)在大学的写作课里,学会了如何清晰地表达观点,如何用相关论据支持自己的观点,这与高中时着眼于语法和文学鉴赏类的写作截然不同。
 
相关词汇
foundation course
academic performance
improve essay writing skills / critical thinking skills
a huge difference from …
focus on grammar accuracy and literary analysis
 
不同意:
1. 并不是每个人都对写作感兴趣。对于不感兴趣的学生来说,这不但增加了学习负担,还使他们更加厌恶写作。他们很可能会应付一下这个课程,但日后对写作会变得更加没有兴趣。
2. 如果只是应付了事,对学生来说就是浪费时间。(举例朋友)上写作课时,只是按时出现在课室,从不听课。如果他能利用这个时间学习其他感兴趣的课程,时间就可以更好地被利用起来。
 
相关词汇:
be interested in
add up to a burden
create resentment
fulfill the requirement
in a half-hearted way
 
综合题
 
Task 2
女生提议学校增加校园大巴车次,路线可以合理规划一下,对学生有利,原因:现在的车次太少,可能因为等太久的大巴而导致上课迟到;如果不坐大巴,自己开车的话,油费比较贵。
 
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Task 3
生物:生存竞争,举例湿地中的两种植物,一种因为因为生产种子多,逐渐占领湿地中的其余领地,导致另一种植物则会越来越少。
 
Task 4
狭窄公园的优点:占用土地面积少,适合现在的城市发展,更好的利用空间,举例高速公路地方建造花园,贯穿很多地方,方便市民回家等,所以大家很满意。
 

写作部分

 
综合写作
 
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独立写作
 
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Experts suggest that parents should limit the time to less than 1 hour that children spend on electronic devices, such as computers and cell phones, except for homework.
 
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审题重点:
如果把AGREE定为观点,分论点为“禁止电子设备的使用会让学生学习更集中”,这个点有跑题嫌疑,因为题目并没有禁止学生使用电子设备,而是限制他们每天最多使用1个小时用于学习。考试记得审好题,题目至少读2遍或以上,看全题目的限定条件哦~
 
建议解题思路如下:
THESIS:
Parents should limit the screen time for young children to a maximum of one hour per day.
 
TOPIC SENTENCE 1:
Cutting kids' screen time may improve their health.
参考语料:
Children are spending way too much time in front of screens, says the American Heart Association, and it's urging parents to drastically cut the hours their kids are allowed to use their phones, computers, tablets, and video games. Kids and teens age 8 to 18 spend an average of more than seven hours a day looking at screens. For younger children, age 2 to 5, the recommended limit is one hour per day. Research has linked screen time with an increased amount of sedentary behavior in children and teens. While there is no long-term evidence yet to link screen time to an increased risk of health conditions like cardiovascular disease and high cholesterol, there is mounting evidence that it is associated with obesity, cardiologist and CBS News medical contributor Dr. Tara Narula explains.
BY CBS NEWS- ASHLEY WELCH
 
TOPIC SENTENCE 2:
In addition, less access to technology saves young students more time for social interactions, helping them establish a rapport with people around them.
参考语料:
Recent studies from the American Association of Paediatrics revealed that: Toddlers who were exposed to more handheld screen time were more likely to have delayed expressive language skills.
Communication is a two-way street. Research shows that a child's brain develops rapidly in the early years. We also know that young children learn best from interacting with people and not screens. It is only through real-life conversation, that children learn the subtle rules of social conversation, like making eye contact, using and understanding humor, introducing a new topic and knowing how to keep a conversation partner's attention.
(BY FAMILY FRIENDLY HQ)
 
科技-电子设备的应用一直是独立话题中考频较高的话题,并且比较贴近生活,同学不会没话说。提前熟悉该类话题的解题思路和背诵好语料在考场就能自如应付。
 
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类似考题:
(CN20190330) Some experts say that parents should limit their kids who are younger than 13 to less than 1 hour on their electronic devices. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?
(20201026 HOME) Because the use of technology such as computers in classrooms for young students (age 6-12) has led to many improvements in learning, some people believe that there should be no limits on the number of hours that young students spend using technology during school day. Others believe that too much time spent using technology during the school day is harmful for young students and that their use of technology should therefore be limited to one hour or less per day. Which view do you support and why?
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Be sure to use your own words. Do not use memorized examples.

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(20201019 HOME) At some schools, some lessons for young students (age 5-8) include video games as a way to increase the students’ interest in learning. Some people believe this is a very effective way for young students to learn; others believe it is too distracting and wastes time. Which view do you agree with and why?
(20200921 HOME)Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Children nowadays rely too much on technology, such as computers, smartphones, and video games, for fun and entertainment; playing with simpler toys or playing outside with friends would be better for children's development.
(20200913 HOME) A university has money in its budget to do ONE thing to improve its facilities for students: It can either improve the quality of the technology (for example, computers and printers) that it provides for students, or it can redesign spaces where students hold club meetings and gather with friends in their spare time to make these areas more comfortable and appearing.
 
申请季,冲!

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