原创丨谈谈雅思口语中的那些「 感情事儿 」~


来源:   时间:2018-10-16 10:08:01

在 9-12 月份的新题中,最吸引我的话题是「 Describe a time that you were scared 」,这道题印象中从未被考过,不属于旧题回归,官方这次启用了一个新的「 情感 」词汇:scared

其实我们翻看这几年的口语话题,官方一直都在解封不同的「 情感 」词汇,如:(a little)angry, disappointed, happy experience, proud, surprised 等,而且在 Part 2 的第四问中,也越来越常出现「 how you felt about it ? 」的问题,所以如何对内心情感进行细节描述,应该加入我们备考的常规板块训练当中
 
以下我们浅谈一下方法:
 

1.拓展「 情感 」相关的词汇

 
对于没有接受过这一板块训练的学生来说,如果让他们描述对某件事情的所感,大多只能回答「 happy 」和「 unhappy 」又或者「 excited 」和「 sad 」,然后他们会对着老师尬笑一个,因为他们也知道这样子的答案是不会让考官满意的。

若想在口语考试中取得 7 分以上的高分,丰富的词汇功不可没。
 
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上面的车轮图,正好形象地展示了如何对词汇进行拓展。

第一圈的词汇是由六个名词组成,如果我们平时的回答当中用到了这几个词(或其形容词形式),满足了词汇 5 分的要求;第二圈是 6 分,最外面的一圈我认为是 7 分的用词。

我们能够把情感切分的有多细,反映了我们的词汇水平有多高,因此用准词汇描述情感,是我们可以回答这类问题的第一步。
 

2.描述典型动作,反映人物内心

 
在使用准确的语言表达心情的基础上,还可以加入一些典型的动作描述来烘托人物的心情。比如:兴奋时的手舞足蹈、生气时的捶胸跺脚、及伤心时的潸然泪下,都属于动作细节,应该加入在你的口语回答之中。

以「 妈妈发现蜈蚣 」为例,回答 Describe a time when you were scared 说明当时「 how scared 」:
Suddenly, I heard a cry from the bathroom, and then saw my mom wrapped in a towel, dashing out of the bathroom. While she was “escaping”, she asked me to jump on the sofa. You know, my brain was totally blank all of asudden, and I instinctively jumped on the sofa.
 

3.感情前后的对比

 
另外,在设计故事的时候往往还可以加入情感的变化。

原本让人非常害怕的一个情景,起初我感觉到的是一阵兴奋,可当看到那条大虫子的时候,瞬间后怕起来。

这些前后的变化我会称之为故事里面的 twist,它的出现会让你的内容变得更有趣一些。或者在你没什么好说的时候,可以帮你延长多几句话。

Then I saw my mom grab a broom quickly and hit something on the floor. I have to say that I had watched so many cartoons on TV and that scene reminded me of super heroes, who fought with monsters. Actually at that point, I wasn’t too frightened and I even felt excited about it. Actually at that point, I wasn’t too frightened and I even felt excited about it. 
 

4.准备相关情感词汇的习语(idioms)

 
考官青睐 idiomatic language,因此能在考试中熟练地说出 idioms 是重要的高分指标。

但是很多的习语不进行专门的准备和学习,是无法在考试中用到的。当我在准备上述的「 scared 」话题时,我也同时查阅了一下它的相关习语,在「 Fear and Frustration 」的类别中找到了「 shaking like a leaf 」,这个习语即容易记背,又特别形象,我就把它设计进去了我的故事当中:
You know, on that night, my mom killed a huge poisonous centipede which was almost 15 centimeters long. After I had seen it, I started shaking like a leaf. That’s the experience that I truly felt terrified.

「 scared 」话题完整素材:
I remember when I was about 8 years old. One night, my mom went to the bathroom to take a shower, while I was sitting on a sofa watching TV in the living room. 
 
Suddenly, I heard a cry from the bathroom, and then saw my mom wrapped in a towel, dashing out of the bathroom. While she was “escaping”, she asked me to jump on the sofa. You know, my brain was totally blank all of a sudden, and I instinctively jumped on the sofa. 
 
Then I saw my mom grab a broom quickly and hit something on the floor. I have to say that I had watched so many cartoons on TV and that scene reminded me of super heroes, who fought with monsters. Actually at that point, I wasn’t too frightened and I even felt excited about it.  
 
You know, on that night, my mom killed a huge poisonous centipede which was almost 15cm long. After I had seen it, I started shaking like a leaf. That’s the experience that I truly felt terrified.

有了上述思路,以后使用我们也就不再怕遇到「 how you felt about it 」的问题,也不会因只能说出「 happy 」、「 unhappy 」的句子而词穷尬笑了。
 

1、拓展「 情感 」相关的词汇,精细切分情感,用准词汇描述情感。
2、加入一些典型的动作细节描述,烘托人物心情。
3、设计故事时加入情感变化,丰富内容。
4、准备相关情感词汇的习语(idioms)。



本文系广州沃邦教研组李老师原创,未经许可禁止转载!

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李老师
广州沃邦国际教育 IELTS 听力口语教师,香港中文大学英语硕士毕业,雅思口语7分,2年跨国外企工作经验,将近10年雅思授课经历。丰富的教学经验,对学生问题判断准确,有针对性地帮助学生突破口语瓶颈。课堂气氛活跃,教学严谨,可谓“严师”一枚,必定带出高徒。


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