考情速递丨2019年6月22日雅思考情回忆


来源:   时间:2019-06-25 10:23:06

 //听力部分// 

Section 1 
场景: 住宿
内容: 公园折扣
题型: 填空题
1. microwave
2. reception
3. shower
4. lake
5. 18
6. tennis
7. fishing
8. farm
9. coupon
10. Basinton
点评: 需要熟练数字的听力,人名/地名根据发音拼出即可,注意可能出现的双写。
 
Section 2 海边的活动
题型: 选择题
11. A. to help find the development of young artists
12. B. talks from exhibiting artists
13. B. taking photographs
14. C. clean the tables
题型:地图题
15. H
16. B
17. J
18. G
19. C
20. D
点评: 注意方位的描述,熟悉东西南北的表达,另外题目可能会以第一人称视角来带领读者去到各个方位,需结合题目已经给出的信息来定位。
 
Section 3 作业讨论
题型: 配对题,填空题,选择题
21. B. review the past materials reference
22. C. search the information from library
23. A. attend a class
24. C. search the information from library
25. B. review the past materials reference
26-28 填空
26. purposes
27. technology
28. headlines
29-30 多选
29-30.
B. media group takeover
D. it depends on the loyalty of the public
点评: 多题型拼盘,要预留审题时间,划出题干中的关键词,同时要留意文中的逻辑信号词。
 
Section 4 食物文化
题型: 填空题
31. tools
32. milk
33. whales
34. soup
35. fertilizer
36. ceremony
37. sugar
38. European
39. furs
40. variety
点评:填空题要特别留心单词拼写和单复数,如果有个别空填不出来,千万不要磨蹭太久,及时跟上听力的节奏,直接进入后面的题目。
 

 //阅读部分// 

Passage 1
题目: 讲述日本艺术家葛饰北斋的一生
类型: 人文类
题型: 正误判断题、填空题
1. T 葛饰北斋是换过名字最多的艺术家
2. NG 葛饰北斋是研究欧洲艺术的第一人
3. T 葛饰北斋最早收学生是在17世纪末
4. F 他后悔自己被学校赶出来
5. F 他一生都很受欢迎
6. NG 他与SAYORI是竞争关系
7. T 他最后一次作画是在他53岁时
8. masterpiece
9. slide
10. duty
11. shame
12. price
13. fire
 
词汇储备:
Hokusai 葛饰北斋
Publish 出版,发表
Recognized work 认可的作品
Depict 描述,描画
Specifically 详细的,细节的
Series 系列
Monumental 不朽的,纪念碑的
 
片段回忆:
Katsushika Hokusai was the first Japanese artist to be internationally recognized, and he continues to inspire artists around the world. As the home of the largest and finest collection of Japanese art outside Japan—including the greatest variety of Hokusai works in any museum—the MFA is uniquely positioned to offer a comprehensive exhibition of this remarkable artist. Drawing from extensive holdings of paintings, woodblock prints, and illustrated printed books, the Museum will showcase an array of works from Hokusai’s seven-decade career, including lesser-known pieces depicting whimsical instructions on how to draw, dynamic paintings on paper lanterns, and elaborate cut-out dioramas. Also displayed are some of the most famous images in Japanese art, including Under the Wave Off Kanagawa (Great Wave) —from the legendary series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji—and the brilliantly colored multi-panel screen painting Phoenix (1835). Spanning Hokusai’s work from his 20s through his 80s, the exhibition will explore common themes through sections dedicated to topics such as landscapes, nature, fantasy, and the “Floating World” of urban culture (including depictions of the Kabuki theater and the Yoshiwara pleasure district). Works that depict Japanese historical and literary motifs will be featured along with “perspective prints” with exaggerated vanishing points, often used in toy peep shows. An extremely delicate silk square of a mythological Chinese lion, likely used as a gift wrapper (fukusa), will also be included, in a rare public display of the fragile work. An illustrated publication will accompany the exhibition.
 
Passage 2
题目: 北极狐迁徙
类型: 动物类
题型: 选标题、填空
14-19题目待补充
20. tags
21. radio
22. satellite
23. iceberg
24. shrimps
25. hunters
26. bear
 
片段回忆:
The Arctic fox puts its coat to good use throughout the year. In summer, and it camouflages itself against the melting snow by shedding its white coat and opting for a brown one instead. The process is reversed in winter, and by November its coat is back to snow white color that happens to be its typical characteristic trait. One of the most amazing physical adaptations in this species is their heavily pigmented eyes that help them reduce the damage caused by strong light reflected from the ice. This species relies on its keen sense of hearing when it comes to hunting. Once it spots a prey just below the level of the ice, it just jumps on its prey and catches it. It has sharp claws that help it to dig into the ground for prey without slipping.
 
Over the course of time, this species has adapted to a diet which helps them survive in the summer and winter of the Arctic. The Arctic fox is basically an opportunistic predator which feeds small mammals - like lemmings and ground squirrels, as well as insects and eggs. In winter when conditions are harsh and there is shortage of food, it follows the polar bears and caribous instead of hunting on its own. When it follows the polar bear, it scavenges on whatever that is left after the bear has had its fill. While that is risky considering that polar bears do have the tendency to hunt and feed on Arctic foxes, the superb camouflage skills that the latter boasts of comes to its rescue. On the other hand, when it follows the caribou, it feeds on insects that come to the surface when caribous forage the ground for food. More importantly, this animal is shrewd enough to use the thick sheets of ice to store food. At times, it digs a hole in the permafrost and stores its food there for future. Instead of building its own den, it enlarges squirrel burrows and uses it as his abode - and this helps him save energy and go without food for considerable amount of time.
 
Passage 3
题目:澳大利亚的盐碱地
类型:  地理类
题型: 配对题,填空题
27. F
28. H
29. B
30. C
31. E
32.G
33.B
34.B
35.C
36. A
37. side effect
38. salty
39. zinc
40. income    
 
片段回忆:
Secondary salinization results from human activities that change the hydrologic balance of the soil between water applied (irrigation or rainfall) and water used by crops (transpiration). The most common causes are land clearing and the replacement of perennial vegetation with annual crops, and irrigation schemes using salt-rich irrigation water or having insufficient drainage. Prior to human activities, in arid or semi-arid climates, the water used by natural vegetation was in balance with the rainfall, with the deep roots of native vegetation ensuring that the water tables were well below the surface. Clearing and irrigation changed this balance, so that rainfall on the one hand, and irrigation water on the other, provided more water than the crops could use. The excess water raises water table and mobilizes salts previously stored in the subsoil and brings them up to the root zone. Plants use the water and leave the salt behind until the soil water becomes too salty for further water uptake by roots. The water table continues to rise, and when it comes close to the surface, water evaporates leaving salts behind on the surface and thus forming a ‘salt scald’. The mobilized salt can also move laterally to water courses and increase their salinity.
 
Land clearing also changes the hydrological balance. In its natural state, native deep-rooted and perennial vegetation use almost all the rainwater that falls on the land. In arid or semi-arid climates the growth rate of the natural vegetation is limited by the availability of fresh rainwater. Salts will be flushed down by rain, and accumulate at the bottom of the root zone to the limiting concentration for roots to extract water, at approximately 50 S/m. Clearing the deep-rooted native vegetation, and replacing it with shallow-rooted annual species that do not use all the rainfall, allows rainwater to escape below the roots, and 'recharge' the groundwater. Clearing of native vegetation for dry land agriculture can increase the rate of drainage by 100 times.
 

 //写作部分// 

TASK 1
类型:柱状图
真题回忆:四个图表比较男女学生在某些科目上得到高分的百分比。
 
点评:难度一般,注意时态的正确使用。百分比可以全部都用符号也可以全部都写成英文,但是要保持一致,不能混用。比较的时候注意分类标准,不宜频繁地变换分类标准。应该单纯地按照性别或者科目来展开,最后进行比较。
 
参考练习:
The different levels of post-school qualifications in America and the proportion of men and women who held them in 1999.
 
TASK 2
题目:  As countries develop, more and more people buy and use their own cars. Do you think the advantages of this trend for individuals overweigh the disadvantages for environment?
 
翻译: 随着国家发展,越来越多人买而且使用自己的车。你认为这种趋势对于个人的优点是否重于对环境的缺点.
 
解析:This essay topic is a bit tricky. You need to write down the advantages and disadvantages of owning a car. In the introduction part of the essay you need to mention whether you agree or disagree. Then in the following paragraphs you can write the advantages and disadvantages of cars and at the end of the each paragraph you can summarize why having a car has more advantages than disadvantages and vice versa.
 
语料示范:
Cars have increased the level of air and noise pollution in cities, causing more humans to suffer from respiratory, heart diseases, or cancers.
City travelers have to spend longer hours on traffic jams. Using more private car, the density of traffic has been increased phenomenally and citizens have had to stay longer time on traffic load.
As the number of private cars increased, more car passengers have been injured or died by severe accidents.
More pedestrians’ accidents have been reported annually. As the usage of private cars increases, it is more probable that people walking through the street die by them.
Private car is more expensive than the public transportation. Paying huge money for tax, renewing of license, or air care, people have to pay more for using cars.
More fossil fuels are consumed as more cars are used by people, leading other generations to face a shortage of these fuels.
 

//口语部分//

Part 1
Work or study
Cities
Hometown
Accommodation
Borrowing/Lending
Color
Cooking
Crowded place
Drinking water
Email
Foreign food
 
Part 2
历史时期
Describe a historical period that you are interested in.
You should say:
What it is
How you got to know it
Things happened during that historical period
Explain why you find it interesting
 
历史建筑
Describe a historical building you have been to
You should say:
Where it is
What it looks like
What it is used for now?
What you learned there
How you felt about this historical building
 
利用网络解决问题
Describe a time you solved a problem through the Internet
You should say:
What the problem was
How you solved this problem
How long it took to solve this problem
How you felt about it
 
旅游经历
Describe an unusual experience of traveling
You should say:
Where you went
When you went there
Who you were with
What you did there
Explain why it is unusual
 
聚餐
Describe an occasion when you invite your family or friends to dinner
You should say:
When you invited them
Where you had the dinner (At home or at the restaurant?)
Why you invited them
How you felt about this dinner
 
想法有趣的人
Describe a person who has interesting ideas or opinions
You should say:
Who this person is
What this person does
How you know the person
Why you think the ideas and opinions are interesting.
 
Part 3
Often, several of these topics are combined.
For example, differences between the attitudes of young people and old people towards the news.
change
child development / how to raise a child
culture (including your national culture)
differences between young people and old people
education
history
human psychology / people's motives and feelings / personality types
human relations
 
口语范例:
Describe an important decision made with the help of other people
You should say:
When it happened?
Who helped you to make the decision?
And how you felt about it?
 
I have made a decision that let my friend give up piano lessons. When I was in high school, my friend had to choose piano lessons because his parents were piano teachers. They spent a lot of time and money to help my friends learn piano in order to pass the family honor. However, I clearly knew that my friend did not like playing the piano. He hated boring piano lessons. He always skipped classes and joined in my math lessons. When I found out that he was particularly interested in mathematics, I persuaded him to talk to his parents about his ideas and real interests. Later, he asked me whether he needed to give up the piano lessons. My answer is YES. Finally, he won the first prize in math class. Besides, he has won many mathematical competitions in our city. Actually, I feel so proud of him every time when I think about this.
 
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