来源:   时间:2020-09-03 10:18:01



第二篇:古埃及地下运河(节选) 2013-12-21 2020-8-29


Egyptian archaeologists claim to have discovered a canal at the Aswan rock quarry, which they say was used to ferry stone blocks used for constructing the giant pyramids, to the Nile River.
Scientists have for long suspected that workers moved the massive blocks and other artefacts directly to their final destinations over waterways.
The discovery of canals at the Giza pyramids and the Luxor Temple, and ancient artwork showing Egyptians using boats or barges to move large monuments like obelisks and statues, has given further credence to this theory.
But the newfound canal, which has since been filled in, is the first proof that waterways facilitated the transportation of all obelisks, including those at the Luxor and Karnak Temples, originally hewn in the Aswan area.
“What you have is a very strong evidence that they may have loaded these stones in at the quarry ... and as a result not dragging and hauling them over land. It eliminates that land connection,” said Richard R. Parizek, a professor of geology at Penn State University who led the scientific tests confirming the canal's existence.
Larger obelisks can weigh more than 50 tons, and a particularly well-known unfinished obelisk at the quarry is thought to weigh more than 1,100 tons. It was the largest such monument ever attempted but was abandoned after latent cracks emerged, revealing a rare glimpse of ancient construction practices.
Salima Ikram, an Egyptologist at the American University of Cairo said, that archaeologists had for long suspected the existence of a canal linking the Nile to the quarry site.
“It very nice to find this real confirmation. If they had just been using rollers and dragging things each time, everything would have been much more time-consuming and far slower,”said Ikram.
Archaeologists now believe that workers dragged the large stone monuments onto rafts at a point below the floodwater level, allowing the artefacts to float when the water level rose.
The canal likely filled in with water during the one of the Nile's annual floods, they said.
They said the canal was probably a natural split in the quarry granite, exploited and shaped by workers to make it more functional.
Incidentally, geologists have also found tooling marks along the canal similar to those where obelisks were removed.
The findings were announced at the Second International Conference on Geology of the Tethyr at Cairo University in March and will be published in advance of the next meeting in January, reports National Geographic. (ANI)

Which paragraph contains the following information (5)
Matching (4)
Richard R Parizek -- confirming the canal's existence
Adel Kelany -- "We were unable to remove the water from the canal,and if we left it like thatit w  uld be quite dangerous for a tourist site," Kelany said, "The water would not move,and it will not change ...it would have bacteria."
Salima Likram -- "We have actually long suspected the existence of a canal linking the Nile to the quarry site, and it's very  nice to find  this real confirmation," said Salima lkram, an Egyptologist at the American University of Cairo.
Richard R Parizek -- It's just falling into ruin "Parizek said."There are artifacts there that are so unique that it would be a crime to lose them."
Matching(人物-观点)在近期的雅思阅读考试中出现的次数比较多。做这一题型,首先要明确它的题干是有序还是无序的(人名出现在题干中一般为有序)。其次要注意解题的顺序, 若是有序型的,则可按人名在文中出现的顺序解题,若是无序型的,按人名出现次数从少到多解题。在解题时,当定位到某一人名后,要特别留意此人所说的话(即引号中的内容),而这一人名后附加的一长串头衔(同位语),则可省略不读。
A. 人名观点配对一般考察的是某个人的言论(statement)、观点(opinion)、评论(comment)发现(findings or discoveries)。这样,一般这个题的答案在文中就只有两个答案区:
1. 人名边上的引号里面的内容;
2. 人名+  think /say /claim /argue /believe /report /find /discover /insist /admit  /report... + that从句。
B. 人名在文中一般以以下方式出现:
1. 全称(full  name), 如:Brian  Waldron
2. 名(first  name), 不常见
3. 姓(surname), 如:Professor Smith
4. He/she(在同一段话中,该人再次出现时,用指示代词替代)
C. 该题的答案遍布于全文。因此应该从文章的开头往后依次寻找人名。
D. 该题貌似是全篇文章的考察,其实考察的就是这些人所说的几句话。故应先从文中找人名,再去找答案。
Summary (4)
第三篇:音痴(节选) 2012-8-11 2016-8-13 2019-9-28 2020-8-29

Musical Maladies

Music and the brain are both endlessly fascinating subjects, and as a neuroscientist specialising in auditory learning and memory, I find them especially intriguing. So I had high expectations of Musicophilia, the latest offering from neurologist and prolific author Oliver Sacks. And I confess to feeling a little guilty reporting that my reactions to the book are mixed.
Sacks himself is the best part of Musicophilia. He richly documents his own life in the book and reveals highly personal experiences. The photograph of him on the cover of the book— which shows him wearing headphones, eyes closed, clearly enchanted as he listens to Alfred Brendel perform Beethoven’s Pathétique Sonata—makes a positive impression that is borne out by the contents of the book. Sacks’s voice throughout is steady and erudite but never pontifical. He is neither self-conscious nor self-promoting.
The preface gives a good idea of what the book will deliver. In it Sacks explains that he wants to convey the insights gleaned from the “enormous and rapidly growing body of work on the neural underpinnings of musical perception and imagery, and the complex and often bizarre disorders to which these are prone ” He also stresses the importance of “the simple art of observation” and “the richness of the human context.” He wants to combine “observation and description with the latest in technology,” he says, and to imaginatively enter into the experience of his patients and subjects. The reader can see that Sacks, who has been practicing neurology for 40 years, is torn between the “old-fashioned” path of observation and the new-fangled, high-tech approach: He knows that he needs to take heed of the latter, but his heart lies with the former.
The book consists mainly of detailed descriptions of cases, most of them involving patients whom Sacks has seen in his practice. Brief discussions of contemporary neuroscientific reports are sprinkled liberally throughout the text. Part I, “Haunted by Music,” begins with the strange case of Tony Cicoria, a nonmusical, middle-aged surgeon who was consumed by a love of music after being hit by lightning. He suddenly began to crave listening to piano music, which he had never cared for in the past. He started to play the piano and then to compose music, which arose spontaneously in his mind in a “torrent” of notes. How could this happen? Was the cause psychological? (He had had a near-death experience when the lightning struck him.) Or was it the direct result of a change in the auditory regions of his cerebral cortex? Electro-encephalography (EEG) showed his brain waves to be normal in the mid-1990s, just after his trauma and subsequent “conversion” to music. There are now more sensitive tests, but Cicoria has declined to undergo them; he does not want to delve into the causes of his musicality. What a shame!

Questions 27-30
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
27. Why does the writer have a mixed feeling about the book?
A The guilty feeling made him so.
B The writer expected it to be better than it was.
C Sacks failed to include his personal stories in the book.
D This is the only book written by Sacks.
28. What is the best part of the book?
A the photo of Sacks listening to music
B the tone of voice of the book
C the autobiographical description in the book
D the description of Sacks’s wealth
29. In the preface, what did Sacks try to achieve?
A make terms with the new technologies
B give detailed description of various musical disorders
C explain how people understand music
D explain why he needs to do away with simple observation
30. What is disappointing about Tony Cicoria’s case?
A He refuses to have further tests.
B He can’t determine the cause of his sudden musicality.
C He nearly died because of the lightening.
D His brain waves were too normal to show anything.
Questions 31-36
Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in Reading Passage 3? In boxes 31-36 on your answer sheet, write
YES 31. It is difficult to give a well-reputable writer a less than favorable review.
NG 32. Beethoven’s Pathétique Sonata is a good treatment for musical disorders.
NO 33. Sacks believes technological methods is not important compared with observation when studying his patients.
NG 34. It is difficult to understand why music therapy is undervalued.
YES 35. Sacks should have more skepticism about other theories and findings.
NO 36. Sacks is impatient to use new testing methods.
Questions 37-40
Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A-F, below.
F 37. The dissociations between harmony and melody
B 38. The study of treating musical disorders
39.The EEG scans of Sacks’s patients
40. Sacks believes testing based on new technologies
A show no music brain disorders.
B indicates that medication can have varied results.
C is key for the neurological community to unravel the mysteries.
D should not be used in isolation.
E indicate that not everyone can receive good education.
F show that music is not localised in the brain.


主题: 酒店开业庆典和促销
1.地点名字:Rose Lane
3.C work number
4.C Saturday's newspaper
5.a free dinner and all free breakfasts
6.A surfing holiday with a lot of music
7.peaceful environment

8-10 多选
8. A. walking
9. B. reading
10.G.eating out
主题: 导游带游客参观海洋节的节目
11. tall ships
12. market 
13. live music
14. meeting point
15. silver
16. India
17. police
18. songs
19. every 40 minutes
20. fishing
21-22 填空
21. feedback…photocopy of 
22. the lecturer will give a handout
23-25 单选
23. what does the woman think is important?
A. topic-relevant part
24. what does the man think is hardest
B. understanding theory
25. why does the lecturer think to make some notes briefly when you are reading a passage is important?
C. go back for reference
26-30 匹配题
26. statistics of social science: Be helpful for mathematics
27. quantitative method: Practical examples
28. pure mathematics: Take less time than other courses
29. basic of the economy: The last year students
30. dissertation planning: Good tutor
主题: 植物染料
31. can grow in poor soil
32. can survive in drought environment
33. can stop erosion
35. leaves
36. carbon dioxide
37. candles 
38.easy for digestion
39. wildlife
40. global warming



Some people think it is more beneficial to play sports that are played in teams, e.g. football. And some people think individual sports, e.g. tennis and swimming,  is better. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.