2020年10月31日雅思考情回顾!听说我们都做过?


来源:   时间:2020-11-03 13:41:08

听力P2P出现了地图题,P3是读起来比较吃力的选择题,P4学术词汇较多,像fertilizer,很多考生可能不会写。同时,阅读P1为19年欧洲卷旧题(N/A);P2为19,17,16和13年多次考察过的旧题,难度正常,并提升平缓;但P3难度提升较多,题型全部为配对题。
 

阅读部分

 
Passage  One
英国种植
题型:判断+填空
 
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Passage  Two
伦敦雾霾
2017-9-16
2016-9-3
2013-9-21
题型:配对+填空 + 判断
 
伦敦雾霾
① The smog enveloped London in 1991 the number of deaths shot up by 10 per cent (1. The figures suggest that the smog killed about 160 people;2. The episode presents the first direct evidence of deaths from air pollution in Britain for more than 30 years) 
 
② The smog in December 1991 was the worst in Britain in recent years. Many of those who died had probably been suffering from heart disease and respiratory problems.
 
③ Evidence of the deaths has been compiled by Ross Anderson. Anderson’s results have already convinced the Department of Health to act. Under air quality guidelines which it set last year, no public warning would be given if the 1991 smog was repeated today, because the level of pollutants would not be high enough.
 
④ The smog blanketed London from the morning of Thursday 12 December until winds cleared the air the following Sunday evening. Two pollutants reached exceptionally high concentrations: nitrogen dioxide and particulates.
 
⑤ By looking at the number of people in London who died the week before the smog, and the number who died in the same week in previous years, Anderson found that 10 per cent more people than expected died during the smog.
 
⑥ Government figures and reasons for casualties:
Figures: about 1700 people were registered dead during the fateful week and about 160 extra people died during the smog.
Reasons for death:1. Anderson found the number of people who died from respiratory diseases, including asthma and severe lung disease, was 22 per cent higher than expected during the week of the smog. 2. The number of people who died from cardiovascular disease was 14 per cent higher.
 
⑦ An epidemiological study cannot prove that air pollution caused the extra deaths( such as Anderson’s).but the findings do point to pollution:"This is consistent with an effect of air pollution."
 
⑧ The professor Stephen Holgate's opinion"
The effect Anderson found might be caused by other unexpected factors.
It is not clear whether nitrogen dioxide or particulates were to blame. The nitrogen dioxide levels were more extreme.
 
⑨ There is growing concern about particulates
1. Joel Schwartz calculated that they kill 10 000 people a year in England and Wales
2. Douglas Dockery says Anderson’s results fit the pattern he has seen in urban areas.
 
⑩ John Bower:
episodes as bad as the 1991 smog are rare, and he thinks If the same weather happens again, it would recur.
 
The advisory group needs to review the limit of 600 pp for nitrogen dioxide.
 
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Questions 14-18
 
14. About 1,700 people are registered dead in December in December 1991.   
A Government
(由数字进行定位,和文章第6段的The government figure shows...得知答案)
 
15. The smog happened in December 1991 was rare.   
F John Bower
(rare定位到第10段,正是John Bower的观点)
 
16. If it meets the same weather, the smog will happen again.   
F John Bower
(happen again是第10段recur的同意转换,也是John 的观点)
 
17. Anderson's results fit the pattern he has seen in other cities.   
E Douglas Dockery
(in other cities是文章第9段urban areas的同意转换,所以是Douglas Dockery的观点)
 
18. Department of Health’s advisory group set a limit of 600 ppb for nitrogen dioxide before the government issued a public health warning.   
C Advisory Group on Medical Aspects of Air Quality Episodes
(用数字600定位,完全符合第11段,主体是advisory group)
 
A The government
B Ross Anderson
C Advisory Group on the Medical Aspects of Air Pollution
D Joel Schwartz
E Douglas Dockery
F John Bower
G the Department of Health’s advisory group
 
Questions 19-22 summary (NO MORE THAN TWO WORD OR A NUMBER
 
The smogs happened by two factors; they were built up from 19. traffic fumes duringfour windless days in December 1991...It had lasted 20. four days until the air is clear...The Advisory Group found the evidence of effects on 21. breathing at concentrations had been weak; Anderson found the number of people who died from respiratory diseases and 22. cardiovascular diseases.
 
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Questions 23-26 YES/ NO/ NOT GIVEN
 
23. Ross Anderson has the conclusive opinion that the air pollution caused death.  
NO
(第7段An epidemiological study such as Anderson’s cannot prove that air pollution caused the extra deaths. But the abstract of Anderson’s paper concludes:‘The results suggest an increase in mortality occurred during the episode week. This is consistent with an effect of air pollution.)
 
24. The effect Anderson found might be caused by weather or another unexpected factor.  
YES
(第8段it is difficult to be sure that the effect Anderson found was not caused by weather or another unexpected factor. But the findings do point to pollution.)
 
25. The rise of nitrogen has more significant effect on death than the rise of particulate.  
NOT GIVEN
(第8段It is not clear whether nitrogen dioxide or particulates were to blame. The nitrogen dioxide levels were more extreme.)
 
26. The limit which was set by the Department of Health’s advisory group was a failure.   
NO
(第11段Last year, the Department of Health’s advisory group set a limit of 600 ppb for nitrogen dioxide before the government issued a public health warning. At the department’s request, the advisory group is meeting this week to review the limit.)
 
Passage  Three
题型:匹配
 
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