2020年12月12日雅思听力阅读部分考情回顾!考试难度中等偏上!


来源:   时间:2020-12-15 10:37:13

本场考试难度中等偏上:听力部分仍没有example,语速也较快,但四个题目都是旧题。阅读学术词汇较多,文章大意也较难理解。P3为旧题,但P1 P2暂无回忆。
 

听力部分

 
SECTION 1
主题:暑期兼职咨询
题型:填空
参考答案:
1. come from Omerama
2. can use a ladder
3. can work under hot condition
4. must have good concentration
摘果子的工作
5. salary: 4.5 per bucket
6. cannot work if it is raining
关于打包的工作
7. salary: 13.75 per hour
8. 最忙的时候:January
9. 住宿的地方会提供laundry
10. transport: 即使没有car,也要有bike
 
SECTION 2
主题:趣味铁人三项
题型:填空+匹配
参考答案:
11-15 填空
11. expected number of people: 340 this year
12. park in field
13. contact college
14. cycling 25 laps
15. old airport
16-18 匹配
16. section 1: through the town/farmland
17. section 2: uphill
18. section 3: through the woodland
19-20 填空
19. prize cup
20. chairman
 
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SECTION 3
主题:新西兰古老工艺品
题型:选择+匹配
参考答案:
21-25 选择题
21. Why does the shape of Hei-tiki look unusual?
B. difficulty in carving stones
22. Very few Hei-tiki are found in the archaeological site because
C. the villagers look after them carefully
23. What was Hei-tiki regarded by Moris people as
B. a communicating way to their ancestors
24. What are the distinctions between two types of Hei-tiki?
C. the position of hands to leg
25. What are the characteristics of a new type of Hei-tiki?
A. it has a metal setting
26-30 匹配题各种物品的用途
26. sand: E. form the shape
27. stitch and string: A. used for cave details
28. bark: C. end
29. wax: B. polish stone eyes
30. stone: G.bond it together
 
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SECTION 4
主题:轮船公司
题型:选择+填空
参考答案:
31-36 选择
31. where did he get ship experience?
C. first job
32. the company experienced
A. immediately profitable
33. why did he want to use mail contact to buy steam ship?
C. more reliable
34. what did he do when he won the bid?
B. opened a new company
35. why did he choose Boston?
A. once he worked there
36. what could be revealed about the 1844 event
B. Boston was not a good port location
37-40 填空
37. radio技术的出现使得航行中的communication更为方便
38. Newspapers were provided on board, so the passengers would not feel uneasy during the journey.
39. before 1912, people paid more attention to the speed of the ships
40. afterwards, poured more in the decoration, compared to hotels
  

阅读部分

 
P1 信息传播的发展
填空+判断
P2 能减轻室内污染的植物
P3 人会从运动比赛中得到满足

 
READING PASSAGE 3
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 27-40 which are based on Reading Passage 3 below.
 
Inside the mind of a fan
How watching sport affects the brain
A
At about the same time that the poet Homer invented the epic here, the ancient Greeks started a festival in which men competed in a single race, about 200 metres long. The winner received a branch of wild olives. The Greeks called this celebration the Olympics. Through the ancient sprint remains, today the Olympics are far more than that. Indeed, the Games seem to celebrate the dream of progress as embodied in the human form. That the Games are intoxicating to watch is beyond question. During the Athens Olympics in 2004, 3.4 billion people, half the world, watched them on television. Certainly, being a spectator is a thrilling experience: but why?
 
B
In 1996, three Italian neuroscientists, Giacomo Rizzolatti, Leonardo Forgassi and Vittorio Gallese, examined the premotor cortex of monkeys. The discovered that inside these primate brains there were groups of cells that ‘store vocabularies of motor actions’. Just as there are grammars of movement. These networks of cells are the bodily ‘sentences’ we use every day, the ones our brain has chosen to retain and refine. Think, for example, about a golf swing. To those who have only watched the Master’s Tournament on TV, golfing seems easy. To the novice, however, the skill of casting a smooth arc with a lop-side metal stick is virtually impossible. This is because most novices swing with their consciousness, using an area of brain next to the premotor cortex. To the expert, on the other hand, a perfectly balanced stroke is second nature. For him, the motor action has become memorized, and the movements are embedded in the neurons of his premotor cortex. He hits the ball with the tranquility of his perfected autopilot.
 
C
These neurons in the premotor cortex, besides explaining why certain athletes seem to possess almost unbelievable levels of skill, have an even more amazing characteristic, one that caused Rizzolatti, Fogassi and Gallese to give them the lofty title ‘mirror neurons’. They note, The main functional characteristic of mirror neurons is that they become active both when the monkey performs a particular action (for example, grasping an object or holding it) and, astonishingly, when it sees another individual performing a similar action.’ Humans have an even more elaborate mirror neuron system. These peculiar cells mirror, inside the brain, the outside world: they enable us to internalize the actions of another. In order to be activated, though, these cells require what the scientists call ‘goal-orientated movements’. If we are staring at a photograph, a fixed image of a runner mid-stride, our mirror neurons are totally silent. They only fire when the runner is active: running, moving or sprinting.
  
D
What these electrophysiological studies indicate is that when we watch a golfer or a runner in action, the mirror neurons in our own premotor cortex light up as if we were the ones competing. This phenomenon of neural mirror was first discovered in 1954, when two French physiologists, Gastaut and Berf, found that the brains of humans vibrate with two distinct wavelengths, alpha and mu. The mu system is involved in neural mirroring. It is active when your bodies are still, and disappears whenever we do something active, like playing a sport or changing the TV channel. The surprising fact is that the mu signal is also quiet when we watch someone else being active, as on TV, these results are the effect of mirror neurons.
 
E
Rizzolatti, Fogassi and Gallese call the idea for mirror neurons the ‘direct matching hypothesis’. They believe that we only understand the movement of sports stars when we ‘map the visual representation of the observed action onto our motor representation of the same action’. According to this theory, watching an Olympic athlete ‘causes the motor system of the observer to resonate. The “motor knowledge” of the observer is used to understand the observed action.’ But mirror neurons are more than just the neural basis for our attitude to sport. It turns out that watching a great golfer makes us better golfers, and watching a great sprinter actually makes us run faster. This ability to learn by watching is a crucial skill. From the acquisition of language as infants to learning facial expressions, mimesis (copying) is an essential part of being conscious. The best athletes are those with a premotor cortex capable of imagining the movements of victory, together with the physical properties to make those movements real.
 
F
But how many of us regularly watch sports in order to be a better athlete? Rather, we watch sport for the feeling, the human drama. This feeling also derives from mirror neurons. By letting spectators share in the motions of victory, they also allow us to share in its feelings. This is because they are directly connected to the amygdale, one of the main brain regions involved in emotion. During the Olympics, the mirror neurons of whole nations will be electrically identical, their athletes causing spectators to feel, just for a second or two, the same thing. Watching sports brings people together. Most of us will never run a mile in under four minutes, or hit a home run. Our consolation comes in watching, when we gather around the TV, we all feel, just for a moment, what it is to do something perfectly.
 
Questions 27-32
Reading Passage 3 has six paragraphs, A-F.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter, A-F, in boxes 27-32 on your answer sheet.
NB  You may use any letter more than once.
 
27 an explanation of why watching sport may be emotionally satisfying
28 an explanation of why beginners find sporting tasks difficult
29 a factor that needs to combine with mirroring to attain sporting excellence
30 a comparison of human and animal mirror neurons
31 the first discovery of brain activity related to mirror neurons
32 a claim linking observation to improvement in performance
 
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Questions 33-35
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write your answers in boxes 33-35 on your answer sheet.
33 The writer uses the term ‘grammar of movement’ to mean
A   a level of sporting skill.
B   a system of words about movement.
C   a pattern of connected cells.
D   a type of golf swing.
 
34 The writer states that expert players perform their actions
A   without conscious thought.
B   by planning each phase of movement.
C   without regular practice.
D   by thinking about the actions of others.
 
35 The writer states that the most common motive for watching sport is to
A   improve personal performance.
B   feel linked with people of different nationalities.
C   experience strong positive emotions.
D   realize what skill consists of.
 
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Questions 36-40
Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in Reading Passage 3? In boxes 36-40 on your answer sheet, write YESif the statement is true, write NO if the statement is false, writeNOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage
 
36   Inexpert sports players are too aware of what they are doing.
37   Monkeys have a more complex mirror neuron system than humans.
38   Looking at a photograph can activate mirror neurons.
39   Gastaut and Bert were both researchers and sports players.
40   The mu system is at rest when we are engaged in an activity.
 
ANSWER KEY
27 F
28 B
29 E
30 C
31 D
32 E
33 C
34 A
35 C
36 YES
37 NO
38 NO
39 NOT GIVEN
40 YES
 
雅思话题可用词汇
glamorous lifestyles 光彩照人的生活方式
positive role model 积极的模范
achieve fame 取得名誉
media profile 媒体形象
famous idol 著名偶像
inspire children 激励孩子
accomplishment 成就
inherit money 继承金钱
gossip magazine 八卦杂志
reality TV programme 真人秀电视节目
in their chosen field 在他们选定的领域
 
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