美国大学录取看重哪些因素?高中阶段你该做这些准备


来源:   时间:2017-12-06 10:27:08

NACAC (National Association for College Admission Counseling) 的 2017 年 State of College Admission 报告再一次证实高中同学在高中的学科成绩仍然在大学录取的所有被考虑因素中占主导地位。
 
美国高校招生咨询协会(NACAC)成立于1937年,是全球近16,000名专业人士的组织,致力于为学生提供服务,帮助他们选择高等教育。 正如 NACAC 的良好实践原则声明 (NACAC Statement of Principles of Good Practice) 所述,NACAC 致力于在从事高校招生专业人士中促进和保持他们的职业道德和社会责任高标准,他们在美国和全球的23个州,地区和国际附属机构为入学咨询专业人士提供服务,并推崇最高的道德操守和职业标准。因此 NACAC 的大学录取报告具有一定的权威性。
 
大家都知道,没有一个确定的计划或具体的组合因素可以确保一个学生进入他或她的首选大学。每个大学会审查未来学生申请的许多方面,以确定哪些学生将被录取,除了考虑每个申请者的优点之外,大多数大学还考虑到新生和转学班的整体构成,以确保学校具有各种学术和课外兴趣的多元化,从而让他们的学生有丰富校园体验。
 
下面由 NACAC 统计制作的 Percentage of college Atrributing Different Levels of Importance to Factors in Admission Decisions 表格,让大家对大学总体来说更看重哪些因素一目了然。
 
First-Time Freshmen, Fall 2016 
 
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According to 2017 State of College Admission by NACAC:
Factors in the Admission Decision: First-Time Freshmen, 2016 (see Table Above) 
Grades in high school have been among the top decision factors for first-time freshmen for decades. Total GPA and grades in college prep courses were each rated as considerably important by 77 percent colleges. Admission test scores and strength of curriculum were also rated considerably important by more than half of colleges (54 percent and 52 percent, respectively).
A second set of factors were most often considered to be moderately important. These factors tend to provide insight regarding personal qualities and interest of students, as well as more detail on academic performance. They include essays or writing samples; teacher and counselor recommendations; student’s demonstrated interest; class rank; and extracurricular activities.
A final group of admission decision factors were given moderate or considerable importance by a small percentage of institutions, on average, likely because they are relevant only to a small subset of colleges. These factors included subject test scores (AP, IB), portfolios, SAT II scores, interviews, state graduation exam scores, and work experience. 
 
International Students (First-Time Freshmen), Fall 2016 
 
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According to 2017 State of College Admission by NACAC:
Factors in the Admission Decision: International Students, 2016 (see Table Above) 
The top factors in admission decisions for first-time international students applying to four-year US colleges were similar to those of first-time domestic students, with the important exception of English proficiency exam scores. Eighty percent of colleges rated these proficiency scores as considerably important, followed by grades in college prep courses and grades in all courses (66 percent each), and strength of curriculum (47 percent).
The moderately important decision factors also were similar to those for domestic students, with a few exceptions worth noting. Nineteen percent of colleges rated the essay/ writing sample as considerably important for domestic students, compared to 23 percent for international students. For international students, the essay can serve as another indicator of English proficiency in addition to offering information about student experiences and academic interests.
A national certificate signifying graduation or school attendance was also an important factor for international students, rated as considerably important by 28 percent of institutions and as moderately important by an additional 24 percent.
 
再来看一下大学看重的录取因素从2006 年到 2016 之间的趋势:
Percentage of colleges Attributing "Considerable Imporance" to Factors in Admission Decisions: first-Time Freshmen, Fall 2006 to Fall 2016

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对每一位高中同学来说,了解了这些真实的数据,就可以有的放矢地为将来大学申请在高中阶段作准备。高中学习成绩作为学生的本分,还是重中之重。

文章来源于 InfoFromLing


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