考情速递|沃邦独家首发8月北美SAT考情回顾


来源:   时间:2019-08-26 15:44:09

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阅读部分

阅读第一篇
文章:Dance of the Happy Shades
作者:Alice Munro
大意:文章用沉重的笔调主要讲述女人的爱的快乐和痛苦,大意是女主人很喜欢办musical party,但是她妈妈嫌年纪大了不喜欢。中间大概说女主人办的party很混乱没有以前好了,后面讲了一下大家已经不喜欢上音乐课了,但是女主还沉浸在自己的理想音乐梦里。
 
阅读第二篇
文章:Getting out the Vote
作者:Suprlys Syal and Dan Ariely
大意:讲以前都以为大家不愿意vote是因为没意识到投票的重要性,只要让大家意识到就愿意投了。文章指出一个新发现,就是放人们在大家都投票的context里就会更有利敦促人们投票。
 
阅读第三篇
文章: Human Activities Boosts Brain Size in Animals
作者:Stephanie Mao
大意:动物的脑子越变越大。有两种可能性,一是营养的问题让动物脑子变大,二是因为人类的活动让动物的认知技能增强,所以脑子变大。文章中的实验证实了这个可能性,同时这样的观点历史上也证实过。文章最后指出还需要进一步的实验来衡量结论的可靠性。
 
阅读第四篇 
第一篇
文章:Oration on the Celebration of the Anniversary of independence July 4 1793
作者:Henry Brackenridge
第二篇
文章:Americans No.1
作者:Alexander Hamilton
大意:说的是法国是盟友,美国人要好好帮助法国人;第二篇说法国这趟浑水美国人不要参与,只会给自己带来风险。
 
阅读第五篇 
文章:Ancient Volcanic Explosions Shed Light on Mercury’s Origins
作者:Brown University
大意:讲火山爆发的痕迹能够推断出当时水星的情况。说是星球上的crater可以测出年纪,这样就能大概知道水星上的火山爆发大概是什么时候发生的。实验表明火山的爆发不是在水星刚形成的时候就有了,而是过了一段时间,而且持续了相当长的时间。
 

语法部分

语法第一篇  
第一篇: Rock and Roll en Espanol
文章内容:讲西班牙的一个人发展出了和英美不一样的摇滚乐。第一段是讲本来在阿根廷和乌拉圭有一种音乐 然后第二段是说那里的人收到了西方音乐的影响 比如the beatles 然后就产生了这种叫那两个法语词的音乐 然后第三段讲这种本来只有阿根廷和乌拉圭的音乐传入了其他各国 提到了mexico britain america 最后一段说 这种音乐在步入了modern时代 然后就有一些音乐人在它的基础上 融合了各种其他元素来演奏。
考点:标点符号、固定搭配be known for、时态题、词汇题indiscriminate/diverge/distinct/individual,固定搭配be known for
 
语法第二篇 
第二篇:A Plant’s Response to Temperature
文章内容:讲花开和temperature之间的关系,植物会根据温度调节授粉和花开的时间
涉及考点:maintain style题型(选项有sign of universe, environmental cue, mother nature’s message, natural…),语言简洁度题(选项有:low-temperature plants, plants exposed to low temperature,…), 2道图表题, 过渡句,总结句,逗号隔开插入语,平行结构,形近词affect/effect
 
语法第三篇 
第三篇:Science says
文章内容:讲的是科学家不仅要有什么什么能力,还需要有communication skills。交流能力能帮助他们和别的科学家交流,还能把他们的文章让不是专业领域的人更容易看懂,帮助他们拿到赞助。
涉及考点:标点符号、平行结构、比较结构等。
 
语法第四篇
第四篇:Gwen Ifill’s Legacy
文章内容:是关于黑人女记者帮助提升黑人选举权以及她的晋升之路。
涉及考点:固定搭配题When she was______journalism…(选项有A.starting up at, B. at the start in, C. to start at, D. starting out in),标点符号、句子插入语、材料增删题、词汇题。
 

数学部分

总体概述 
数学部分普遍反应比较简单。代数部分主要考察了一次函数方程及斜率含义,二次函数顶点,指数计算和指数函数参数含义等知识点。几何部分主要考察了圆的方程。统计部分考察了Survey过程中样本和总体的一致性。
 

作文部分

考题原文 
How to Save both Elephants and the Ivory Trade
BY GODFREY HARRIS (Los Angeles Times / JULY 21, 2014)
 
Because of British currency restrictions enacted just before World War II, my father had to come up with an innovative way of getting his cash out of England when, fearing a German invasion, we immigrated to the United States. He settled on silver. Before leaving, he purchased all the Georgian silver objects he could find, with the idea of selling them once the family reached America.
 
A few months after we arrived, he opened the Harris English Silver Co. in Manhattan. While wartime rationing made many everyday items difficult to obtain, the demands of holidays, birthdays and anniversaries still required special gifts. Antique silver answered that need for many New Yorkers.
 
By 1944 my father had made more than enough to move the family to California, where he sold most of the remainder of his original inventory. Things were going so well that he decided to take a buying trip to England in 1948, and he took me along as his 11-year-old assistant. At each antique shop we visited, he would slowly survey the goods on display, identify the pieces of particular interest, and then have all the items brought together in one spot where he could inspect them. I was told to pick out anything that caught my eye and bring those pieces, too, to the central collection point.
 
I soon found that the pieces I gravitated to — boxes, doll house furnishings, knife rests, small carvings, writing implements, hand tools and the like — tended to have one thing in common: They were nearly all made of ivory.
 
When the shipment from that buying trip reached Los Angeles, my father gave me most of the items I had selected, and that was the start of my ivory collection. After becoming a U.S. diplomat, I added to these original items during trips abroad. And I soon became fascinated by the different uses to which ivory has been put — some practical, because of the material’s special properties, and some decorative, because of its unusual beauty.
 
Ivory pieces, like other artistic expressions, reflect the time and cultures that produced them. That’s one of the main reasons people collect artifacts of any sort: to preserve the best examples of cultural expression.
 
Today, however, ivory collections like mine — and ivory collectors themselves — are being vilified. The current debate in Washington over ivory policy has far less to do with protecting elephants than it does with satisfying the assumptions of animal rights groups, making things simple for government officials and accommodating the special wants of hunters and the special needs of musicians and museum curators. Collectors have little voice in the debate, and their collections have been likened to blood diamonds or denigrated as vanity indulgences. Any harm that American collectors suffer from the new regulations has been dismissed by Dan Ashe, director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, as collateral damage for the greater good of saving elephants.
 
Ashe has issued an order that virtually eliminates all trade and movement in the United States of objects made from or with ivory — no matter their origin, age or provenance — by requiring unimpeachable, detailed documentation on the ivory contained in a piece. To buy, trade or sell such pieces, collectors must have original bills of sale or repair invoices or proof of the year of importation into the United States. No collector and very few antique dealers can produce that kind of documentation, especially since none of it was required at the time most of the pieces were imported or purchased. How many treasures inherited from a relative or given as gifts come with written proof of where they came from or how they got here?
 
These draconian new rules have not been promulgated casually. Ashe believes that virtually ending all trade in African ivory in the United States — thus sending a message that ivory is valueless — is the best way to protect African elephants from the ravishes of poachers.
 
But that’s unrealistic and unproven. Today’s poaching problem has its roots in East Asia, where there is still a strong demand for and an active trade in new ivory objects. Demonizing older ivory objects to discourage possession of newer versions of similar items will not bring back the mammoths or save modern elephants from the economic forces that drive poachers.
 
Indeed, the International Ivory Society, on whose advisory board I sit, believes that taking valuable ivory objects out of circulation will only increase the market price for raw ivory abroad and put elephants in even more danger than at the present.
 
Everyone is rightly concerned with the plight of African elephants and the horrors that poachers are inflicting on herds across the continent. All of us want to find the right solution to stabilize elephant populations in Africa through sound economic and conservation policies. But the answer must not come at the expense of collectors who play such an important role in preserving important, interesting and revelatory objects in our cultural history.
 
Godfrey Harris heads a public policy consulting firm in Los Angeles and is principal representative of the Political Action Network of the International Ivory Society.
  
文章的作者从个人经历说起,然后点出象牙制品在文化传承上的意义。但是作者话锋一转,说到象牙制品贸易者被过度妖魔化,然而同时其在相关公共讨论上处于弱势地位。接着,作者认为美国政府新颁布关于保护大象的法律是不切实际的,因为它不能解决根本的需求问题(东亚的市场巨大)。同时,该政策只会让天然象牙价格上升。最后,作者呼吁要采取更合理的措施解决偷猎象牙的问题。值得注意的是,这篇文章的基本立意和16年11月亚太真考文章非常相似,都说到在象牙保护方面“市场价格和文化价值”两个考虑因素。
 
该文思路清晰,词句较为简单,所以学生一般理解应该问题不大(而且大部分学生都看过16年10月亚太的真题原文,同时我们在课堂上也分析过该文)。论证手法可以分析其counter-argument或者concession的手法。论据部分可以分析作者本身的身份,因为作者是长期象牙贸易从业者以及国际象牙协会的一员,所以其对象牙贸易以及象牙制品的价值了解非常深刻,所以其观点非常可信。
 
同时要值得提醒的一点是,该文并不是简单地说道我们应该要去保护象牙或者是保护动物这方面的意义,更多的是呼吁大家理性思考保护象牙的措施,不能盲目一刀切。

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